What happens to the religious identity, belief, and practice of Muslims who settle in the West? We expect immigrants to maintain their religious traditions, but do they, or their children and grandchildren, gradually become more secular? Multiple paths are open to the second generation and choosing can be difficult. Western culture is influential to varying degrees. Some children of immigrants try to follow a ‘real’ Islam that has been purified of culturally specific practices, and public prejudice against Muslims may lead some to react by increasing their own religious commitment.