Higher education is an important step for women’s access to high status and well-paid occupations. Women’s lack of access to higher education all around the world puts them in a disadvantaged position for these occupations. This phenomenon is also present in the workplace and society at large, leading to the underrepresentation of women in more senior status jobs or them being underpaid compared to men. Women are denied jobs and opportunities because of their “likelihood” of dropping out of work due to having and raising kids. This phenomenon of a motherhood penalty extends to hiring, wage, and promotion penalties, making it even harder for a woman to be in a higher position as they are unlikely to get promoted.
According to Women in the Workplace 2018 report, once a woman ascends to a leadership role, it is extremely challenging for them to maintain their position. Women in leadership roles have to deal with more and different types of stress than men do and face a very different cultural environment in the workplace.
This panel will discuss the challenges of women’s leadership in the workplace. The complexity of discriminatory practices and the interlinks between sexism, gender pay gap, occupational dissimilarity, and motherhood penalty will be covered.